Updated: Oct 21, 2019
On 11 June 2019 common European rules on drones, Commission Delegated Regulation (EU) 2019/945 & Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/947, have been published to ensure drone operations across Europe are safe and secure. The rules will amongst others help to protect the safety and the privacy of EU citizens while enabling the free circulation of drones and a level playing field within the European Union.
Both Implementing and Delegated Acts enter into force on July 1st 2019. The regulation will become gradually applicable starting from a year after publication. By 2022 the transitional period will be completed and the regulation will be fully applicable.
The operations of UAS in Europe is classified in 3 main categories:
1. the 'open’ category is a category of UAS operation that, considering the risks involved, does not require a prior authorisation by the competent authority nor a declaration by the UAS operator before the operation takes place;
2. the ‘specific’ category is a category of UAS operation that, considering the risks involved, requires an authorisation by the competent authority before the operation takes place, taking into account the mitigation measures identified in an operational risk assessment, except for certain standard scenarios where a declaration by the operator is sufficient or when the operator holds a light UAS operator certificate (LUC) with the appropriate privileges;
3. the ‘certified’ category is a category of UAS operation that, considering the risks involved, requires the certification of the UAS, a licensed remote pilot and an operator approved by the competent authority, in order to ensure an appropriate level of safety.
AeroEx subject matter experts managed already many large military and civil UAS project in the past and can assist you in achieving compliance with the new regulations related to the ‘specific’ and ‘certified’ category.
Following the publication of the EU regulation, EASA will publish Guidance Material (GM) and the description of means to comply with the regulation, the Acceptable Means of Compliance (AMC).
a revised version of the draft AMC and GM that were published with Opinion 01/2018
the SORA (Specific operation risk assessment) as AMC to the risk assessment that is required in the ‘specific’ category;
the first pre-defined risk assessment to assist operators when applying for an authorisation in the specific category; and
explanations resulting from the discussions held with stakeholders during the approval of the regulation
Additional pre-defined risk assessments will be published in the next years to cover most common operations that take place in the EU
In parallel, EASA is working on the next steps that will enable safe operations of UAS and the integration of these new airspace users into the European airspace:
EASA’s Opinion containing 2 standard scenarios that each allows the use of a declaration. These standard scenarios will be included in an appendix to the Implementing Act: EASA’s Opinion is expected in Q4 2019
EASA’s notice of proposed amendment (NPA) for UAS in the ‘certified’ category, which will include a comprehensive package addressing all aviation domains (airworthiness, continuing airworthiness, remote pilot licenses, aircraft operations, ATM/ANS and aerodromes): the NPA is expected in Q4 2019-or Q1 2020
EASA’s Opinion of U-space, including a high level framework: the Opinion is expected by Q4 of 2019